The oldest healing science in the world, Ayurveda is a name in Sanskrit which means the ‘science of life’.  It is believed that this medical system originated in the Indian land around five thousand years ago.  It owes its origin to ancient Vedic culture and has been in practice ever since. It began as a practice circulated in the oral tradition but eventually with the advent of literacy, writing capabilities as well as print culture, it became possible for the rishi munis and gurus to preserve its legacy for the coming generations. With the philosophy and the treatments recorded in print, it is now possible for the entire world to benefit from its magical treatment which was restricted to the Indian subcontinent for a long period of time. 

Ayurveda is very much a scientific study of the ailments in an individual, but what makes it different and unique, is its simple yet extremely rich philosophy as well as its individualistic approach of diagnosis and treatment.  According to this study, each individual is endowed with three energy forces or dosha named Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. A balance between these forces makes the human body healthy and free of any illness or vulnerabilities to illnesses.  In Ayurveda, it is believed that the basis of any human illness is an imbalance between these three doshas. The focus of the treatment is, therefore, to fix this root problem in order to not only cure the illness but also make the body free from the vulnerabilities of acquiring the illness in the future. Ayurvedic treatment and diagnosis have a very simple yet extremely effective approach. It is time that we take you deeper into the world of Ayurveda and give you an in-depth understanding of how the whole process works.

The Strategy employed in evaluation and treatments

The diagnosis involves a significant amount of careful evaluation of the signs of the illness. This is done by asking questions from the patients, checking the pulse, eyes, tongues and another kind of physical examinations. The evaluation of the patient thus helps the practitioner decide which dosha needs to be balanced.  Once this is decided, the work of the treatment begins which involves cleansing measures which help in eliminating the contributing factors to the illness. It also involves lifestyle changes such as healthy dietary habits, detoxification, practicing Yoga and so on.

The treatment employed by Ayurveda ensures that your body, mind, and spirit get equal attention and remain equally healthy. This not only has a positive impact on your physical body but also improves your mental health significantly.

Balancing the three Doshas

Vata:

Vata is believed to be the energy associated with all the bodily movements. The Ayurvedic philosophy tells that this force is composed of space and air and is responsible for governing breathing, blinking, muscle and tissue movement, pulsation of the heart and all kinds of cellular movements. The right balance of it allows your creativity and flexibility to flourish while an imbalance of it can result in fear and anxiety.  A lot of things can contribute to its imbalance such as loud noises, frequent traveling, and excess consumption of sugar, drugs, alcohol as well as exposure to cold and cold fluids. The lifestyle changes to fix this involves going to bed early as the imbalance demands a great degree of rest. In food, it is expected of the patient to consume warm, moist and slightly oily but heavy food.  It will be beneficial if the patient takes steam baths and daily massages before a bath or regular shower. The main idea is to keep the patient warm, calm and make her/him take plenty of rest alongside all the other lifestyle changes.

Pitta:

Responsible for the body’s metabolic system, pitta is made up of fire and water. It allows smooth digestion, absorption, and metabolism as well as maintains healthy body temperature. The balance of it promotes better understanding and intelligence and an imbalance of its results in anger, hatred, and jealousy. A dominance of pitta can cause inflammatory diseases and jaundice. The common symptoms include skin rashes, burning sensation, fever, ulcers, as well as a sore throat.  An excess of oil, heat or light could lead to an imbalance. It is advised to the patients to avoid excessive heat, oil, steam and reduce the intake of salt. The patient is expected to emphasize more on coolness in their everyday life whether it comes to the kind of food they eat or the general environment in which they sit.

Kapha:

This force is the energy that forms the body’s structure. It is formed of earth and water and allows the physical elements of the body to stay together. It lubricates the joints and keeps the skin moisturized. The balance of it allows the body to maintain healthy immunity. A balanced Kapha element ensures love, calmness, and forgiveness. The imbalance of it, however, leads to attachment, greed, and envy. The illnesses caused are mostly connected to water such as flu, sinus, and congestion. It can cause sluggishness, excess weight, diabetes and headaches.  The patients are expected to get plenty of exercises, avoid heavy foods, dairy, iced food or drinks. They are expected to avoid daytime naps and eat only light and dry food.

It is important to realize that any kind of progress and recovery requires that you consistently follow the guidelines of diet and lifestyle. With consistency, you’re good to go!

Also Read: Three types of Doshas and their Functions

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